Veterans Need Supported Housing

New Foundminds continue to post the needs of the people. Our veterans do a hard work for the country and yet many come home to no home at all. Let us build communities that care about veterans, mental health consumers, neighbors, aging members and anyone in need of support. Support can be as little as taking your aging neighbors mail to the door, giving a ride to the grocers or as large as providing community centers with resources for all.
Description: This resource provides information and current statistics about veterans experiencing homelessness.

Content:

Veterans Experiencing Homelessness

According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs:

  • About 107,000 veterans (male and female) experience homelessness on any given night
  • 214,000 experience homelessness over the course of a yeari

The 2009 AHAR reports that:

  • 13% of sheltered homeless individuals were veterans, or about 208,000ii

The FY 2008 Community Homelessness Assessment, Local Education and Networking Groups (CHALENG) Report estimated that:

  • 131,000 veterans are homeless on a given night
  • 57% of veterans have experienced chronic homelessnessiii

In the 1996 NSHAPC, almost 25% of homeless clients were veterans.

Gender

  • About 3% of homeless veterans are femalei
  • Among all homeless women in the 1996 NSHAPC, 1% were veterans as compared to 33% veterans among homeless men
  • In a study of older homeless adults in Minnesota, 36% had served in the US military; 44% of older homeless men had servediv

Mental Illness, Traumatic Stress, & Substance Use

  • About 45% of homeless veterans experience mental illness
  • 70% experience alcohol or other drug abuse problems
  • Many experience bothi

As the number of female and male veterans1 returning from active duty grows, those who experience homelessness may suffer from combat-related trauma, military sexual trauma, and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in addition other traumatic stressors.

  • Among veterans screened for TBI, over 80% had psychiatric diagnosesv
  • Compared to those who screened negative for TBI, those who screened positive2 also had PTSD three times more often and depression and substance use two times more oftenv Data from 2007 show that one in five (21%) women veterans screened positive for Military Sexual Trauma, as compared to 1% of men veterans

  • Among veterans who screened positive for Military Sexual Trauma, the likelihood of a mental health diagnosis was 2-3 times greatervi

View the HRC’s additional factsheets:


Footnotes

1 These data are not focused on homeless veterans but included to share a perspective on the rates of trauma among men and women veterans.

2 Positive screen did not necessarily indicate a confirmed diagnosis.

References

i U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2010). Overview of homelessness. Website. Retrieved March 25, 2010, from http://www1.va.gov/HOMELESS/Overview.asp [VA 2010]

ii U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). (2009). The 2008 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress. Washington, DC. [2009 AHAR]

iii Kuhn, J.H. & Nakashima, J. (2009). Community homelessness assessment, local education and networking group (CHALENG) for veterans. The fifteenth annual progress report on public law 105-114. Services for homeless veterans assessment and coordination. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved March 25, 2010, from http://www1.va.gov/HOMELESS/chaleng.asp

iv Wilder Research. (2007). Homelessness among older adults in Minnesota. Fact sheet: Minnesota statewide homelessness study, 2006. St. Paul: Author. [Wilder Research 2007]

v Carlson, K.F., Nelson, D., Orazem, R.J., Nugent, S., Cifu, D.X., & Sayer, N.A. (2010). Psychiatric diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans screened for deployment-related traumatic brain injury. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(1):17-24. [Carlson et al 2010]

vi Kimerling, R., Gima, K., Smith, M.W., Street, A., & Frayne, S. (2007). The Veterans Health Administration and military sexual trauma. American Journal of Public Health, 97(12):2160-2166.

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